New Chromaticity Diagram


Last Update 05 July 09             Rhodonine™ and Activa™: See Citation Page

These appendices are divided into three groups;

Short vignettes (FAQs) deserving special attention beyond that found in the main text,

Longer studies supporting specific subjects in the main text, and

Suggested research topics uncovered during this project and suitable for upper level and graduate student theses. This subsection also includes suggestions concerning experiment design related to such projects.

Short vignettes

B. Blindness

A brief essay on the expanding understanding and differentiation of degrees of perceptual as well as physical blindness.

R. Colorimetry and Vision

R.1.3.1 New definition of "White", color, and metameres

R.1.4 Color constancy (as a feature of adaptation)

See also Appendix Z for a more detailed analysis of Color Constancy

Longer Studies

This section includes two sub sections;
Studies on specific processes and mechanisms, and
Studies on visual architecture

Studies on specific processes and mechanisms

A--The Complete Solution to the Transduction Equation of vision, hearing & smell

An essay developing the complete Transduction Equation, including the parametric effects of absolute intensity of the stimulus and of temperature on the subject.  It demonstrates the significant difference between the small signal condition and the large signal condition due to saturation in the electrical portion of the sensory neurons.  It also explores a unique special case of the equation found in all sensory modalities, labeled the Hodgkin Solution.

B--An amplifier, biological or semiconductor

B.1 Basic Concepts
B.2 What amplifier characteristics are of interest
B.3 The common base transistor
B.3.1 The Transistor in Avalanche mode
B.3.2 The Common Base Amplifier
B.3.3 The Common Base Relaxation Oscillator
B.3.4 The Common Base Pulse Repeater
B.3.5 The input characteristic
B.3.6 The Multiple Emitter Transistor
B.4 The common emitter transistor
B.5 The difference amplifier
B.6 The biological transistor
B.6.1 Description of the biological transistor
B.6.2 The biological transistor input characteristic
B.6.3 Similarities between the biological and semiconductor transistor circuits
B.6.4 Major differences in biological and semiconductor transistor circuits
B.6.5 Summary

B.7 The biological transistor circuits

B.7.1 The non-inverting (common podium) amplifiers
B.7.2 The inverting (common dendrite) amplifier
B.7.3 The open connection amplifier
B.7.4 Multiple input amplifiers
B.7.5 Basic parameters
B.7.6 Power Consumption
B.7.7 Summary
B.8 The Cytology of the Biological Transistor

C--Neural Signal Modulation

C.1 Basic Concepts
C.2 Features of this modulation type
C.3 Optimizations for this modulation type

F--Extraction & Characterization of the Chromophores--Rhodonine

F.1 Background
F.2 Isolation and Identification of the Rhodonines

H--The Reversible thermodynamics of the Nervous System

Studies on visual architecture

D--The Visual Signal Path in Limulus

D.1 Basic Description
D.2 Block Diagram
D.3 Signal Levels, Delays, Polarities & Pre-emphasis

E --Tabulation of Spectral Data

E.1 Basic Environment
E.2 Tabulation

G--Squid axon modelling and experiments

J--The Spectral Response of the Animal Visual System

J.1 Introduction
J.2 Axial versus Transverse Illumination
J.3 Probing of the retinal neurons
J.4 Probing of computational neurons in the retina
J.5 Probing of transmission neurons in the retina
J.7 Psychophysical determinations of spectra
J.7.1 Threshold spectra
J.7.2 Difference spectra

K. The Photodetection System of the Scallop, Pecten

K.1 The Optical System of the Scallop, Pecten Maximus
K.1.1 Overall Optical Ray Trace
K.1.2 Signaling Characteristics
K.2 The Detection System of the Scallop, Pecten irradians

L. A Standard Eye for Research in human vision

L.1 Full raytrace of the human eye
L.2 Standardized Human Eye for Research
L.3 Stiles-Crawford related data
L.4 Luminosity Curves (4)
L.5 Chromaticity Diagrams (2)

M. The Standard Neuron

Z. Color Constancy as a phenomenon of adaptation

Suggested Research Projects

N. Areas of profitable research experimentation

P. Improved Instrumentation