New Chromaticity Diagram





MEE Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Radar/Communications)
BEE Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (TV and Servomechanisms)
MBA Ohio State University (course work only)
Patents in Bio-physics, Lasers, Optics, Cryogenics, Microcircuits & Large Astronomical Structures


List of Documents closely related to the Project

Books and Papers:

Biological Vision: A 21st Century Tutorial published in 2003 by Trafford.
The on-line version is updated continuously.

A guide to the much larger work, "Processes in Biological Vision" available on the Internet at This work provides the first comprehensive description of the visual modality and the operation of the individual mechanisms involved.

Hearing: A 21st Century Paradigm published in 2008 by Trafford.
The on-line version is updated continuously.

A full text (8 Chapters) providing a comprehensive description of the contiguous hearing modality for the first time. It includes the first definitive description of the mechanisms operating within the Organ of Corti. Additional background on this work (Chapters 9-11 covering performance and abnormalities as well as 6 Appendices) is available at

The Neuron and Neural System published on-line in 2011 and updated continuously.

A comprehensive text (20 Chapters) on the sensory neural system including the details related to the operation of the gustatory (taste, Section 8.5), olfactory (smell, Section 8.6) and somatosensory modalities (feel, Section 8.7).

Published Papers

Performance of the two-stage, dual-mode oculomotor servo system, Proceedings of the ACM Display Conference, 2006

Transforming reflectance spectra into Munsell color space by using prime colors, Proc National Academy of Sciences, 2006, vol 103, no 42, pages 15698-15703

Achromatopsia or Achromatopia: Achromatopia or Dyschromatopia, Presented at the National Federation of the Blind 2008 Convention, Dallas, Texas. Available in PowerPoint format at

Hensen's stripe as a topographic waveguide defines the roles of the OHC and IHC, July 2008 (pp 269--275, The 10th International Workshop on the Mechanics of Hearing.)

Visual Snow: 2014 Survey Results, Physiology and Prognosis. Presented at the Univ. of California--San Francisco, on 5 May, 2018.

Other Papers

The following documents are available for your review if desired.

  1. Notes on Hubel--"Eye, Brain and Vision", a critical review, 1989
  2. The Perception of Luminance under Various States of Adaptation, 1970
  3. The Basic Signaling Path from the Fovea to the LGN, 1970
  4. The Transient Response of the Eye, 1969
  5. On the Visual Spectrum of the Honeybee, 1967
  6. The Structures and Mechanisms of Vision, 1965
  7. The Theory of the Photographic Process, 1963

Referee & reviewer

Reviewer for Oculomotor System Conference, E-T-R-A 2006, 2008, 2010, 2014, 2018


Mr. Fulton's work has been highly interdisciplinary. He holds patents in the following areas:

For further information, please contact the author:

Cell: (949) 287-2104, in Pacific Coast time zone

James T. Fulton
1106 Sandpiper Drive.
Corona Del Mar, CA. 92625-1407